Wednesday February 25, 2015 held a conference on reducing nutrient pollution from agricultural sources of water and soil. The conference was attended by representatives of the Ministry of Environment, prefect of Alba, Alba Environmental Protection Agency President, Director of the Department of Public Health Alba, Covasna SGA Director, Mayor of the Municipality Dumbrăviţa, Mayor of the Municipality Sîntimbru, Professor Vladimir Rojanschi of Ecological University of Bucharest and representatives of the Association PrimaNatura.
Project “Integrated Nutrient Pollution Control” , implemented by the Ministry of Environment, Water and Forests Backed by the World Bank, aims to reduce long-term nitrate discharges into waters flowing into the Danube and Black Sea, through integrated management of soil and water.
Information campaign this project aims to increase awareness of the importance of environment-friendly agricultural practices that have the effect of soil and water protection, raising awareness on issues from nitrate pollution and promoting implementation of the project locally, regionally and nationally.
Nitrates in water are serious and sometimes irreversible effects on human health.
The overall objective of the project is to support the Romanian Government to align with the requirements EU Nitrates Directive by reducing nutrient discharges to water bodies, supported the strengthening of the regulatory framework and institutional capacity and promoting change regional behavior.
The “ Integrated Nutrient Pollution Control i” is funded by the Romanian Government a loan repayable by 50 mil. Euro from the World Bank and financial aid for 5.5 mil. , granted by the Global Environment Facility (GEF). County councils and local councils involved in the project provides co-financing rate of up to 5% of the investment.
“The issue of nutrients in Romania has a certain seniority in terms of studies made by those in agriculture, water and people from the communal household. What can be said that if the 90 concentrations were quite high, both in soil, in water at source and supply system water / sewer, which has also generated such projects nutrient pollution control Today in 2014-2015 we can say that the situation has changed little. EU Directive which required particular attention to reducing pollution have concerns on the line and the impact of these pollutants. In Romania were initiated follow-up and today we can say that there is a downward trend in the concentration of nutrients in the soil. Sure some cases still lingering problem is the use of manure and household use and inadequate management from villages.
Manure problematic because we still like platform for the collection, storing them under control, do not leak into the ground, not pollute the soil, subsoil and groundwater. The owners have not yet succeeded in changing the mentality of Romanians in rural areas, where the latrine is not too far from the fountain, the manure is not stored in a system that protects the earth or water.
In different parts of the country we seek to realize, to raise awareness, to inform policy makers, environmental experts decentralized institutions, water, soil, agriculture, public health, so this information is transmitted in territories under their control, the primary , the makers of the countryside. We have 9 million Romanian rural and water fountain can affect their health “, said prof. Vladimir Rojanschi, Ecological University of Bucharest.
The project is set to implement a series of investments in about 86 towns including: common system of storage and handling of manure, planting strips of forest vegetation for protection and rehabilitation of pastures, sewerage and wastewater treatment scale small, testing and demonstrating the feasibility of biogas from manure and organic waste refuse and promotion of the Code of Good Agricultural Practice.
“ Among European Union member countries, Romania has one of the biggest problems with water pollution and soil nitrate and nitrite” , noted prefect Alba Mr . Feneşer George , who attended the event.
Commune Sântimbru has received an investment of over 1,000,000 lei which has enabled them to build and give in use, all at the beginning of this year, a common platform equipped with one tractor, two trailers, one loader 1 manure spreaders 1 sewage truck.
Central Region of Romania benefited the project “Integrated Nutrient Pollution Control” investment of over 18 million lei for localities and Gorneşti Crăieşti (Mureş County) Sîntimbru (Alba), Miercurea Székely (Harghita) Dumbrăviţa, Prejemer, Hălchiu and Şercaia (Brasov), Ozun and sieved (Covasna county).
The largest investments in Central region, over 8,000,000 lei, benefited common Ozun Covasna County . Here were made major investments in sewage systems in villages Santionlunca, Bicfalău and Lisnau. Ozun village benefited from the construction of a common platform for storing manure, equipped with machines need to be undertaken operation, which was opened in January 2015. “a community as big as the one in the village would not be able Ozun never to make an investment of this magnitude as the one I managed it by funding received through this project. Now Santionlunca town is totally connected to the sewerage system, including drinking water. I thank those of Minister for all the support they have given us we can overcome all the obstacles we hit before. “ said Dr. Ráduly István Mayor Ozun .
Nitrates and nitrites are substances used mainly in Agriculture for soil fertilization. Improperly stored, they fall into the groundwater and hence, municipal water wells. Water consumption infested with these substances is an extremely serious threat to health: general resistance of the body decreases, and the most severe cases, can even lead to death of infants and children. In addition, nitrates in water can cause miscarriages or male infertility.
The most important source of nitrate and nitrite poisoning is the water fountain . In most towns and villages of Romania, water from the well is polluted with this substance derived from chaotic disposal of manure and household latrines in people not waterproof.
The maximum permissible limit for nitrates sanitary drinking water is 50 mg / liter, as in the European Union.